Quick facts about Judaism – CNN

Jewish law is rooted in the Torah, the first five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

According to the Torah, Abraham is the father of Judaism. He was born about 4000 years ago, in an era when many gods were worshiped, but he believed there there was only one God.

Judaism grew out of a covenant between God, Abraham, the children of Abraham and their descendants. Moses, probably born in the late 14th century BC, brought the Jewish slaves out of Egypt, received the Torah from God, and taught the people the laws of God.

The main denominations of Judaism are Orthodox, Conservative and Reform.

Jews pray in synagogues, and any educated member of the community can lead the service. However, services are usually led by a rabbi or cantor.

Rabbis are Jewish spiritual authorities educated in yeshivas, religious seminaries. Rabbis interpret the Bible and represent the meaning of Jewish law.

When Jewish children turn 12 or 13, they stand in front of the congregation and read a section of the Torah in a ceremony called a bar mitzvah (for boys) or a bat mitzvah (for girls). This holiday marks the transition into adulthood for Jews, meaning that young men and women can now fully participate in traditions such as the Yom Kippur fast.

Observant Jews keep kosher by following dietary laws that prohibit the consumption of certain foods, including shellfish and pork, as well as dishes containing a mixture of meat and dairy products.

The yarmulke or kippah is a cap worn by Jewish men as well as secular men in religious ceremonies. This custom is not rooted in the Bible, but developed out of the belief that God is watching from on high.

Kabbalah is a mystical form of Torah study focused on spiritual enlightenment and personal growth.

Shabbat, the Sabbath or day of rest, begins on Friday evening and lasts until sunset on Saturday.

Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, and Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, are the most sacred days of the year, known as the High Holy Days.
Passover, also called Pesach, marks the exodus of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery.
Other holidays include Sukkot, the harvest festival; Hanukkah, commemorating the Maccabean rebellion around 165 BC; and Purim, a carefree day of costumed fun in honor of Queen Esther.


Judaism was founded around 2000 BC. as part of the covenant between God and Abraham. Revolts against the Romans in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD led to the emergence of the Jewish diaspora, the movement of Jews to other parts of the world. Those who professed Judaism were isolated from society and persecuted in many countries. The creation of a Jewish state was discussed at the first Zionist congress in Switzerland in 1897. In 1948, after the Second World War and the genocide of more than six million Jews, the State of Israel was formed.


Jews in the world 15,166,200 (2021)

Israel (6,998,000, 46.1%) and the United States (7,300,000, 48.1%) are the two countries with the largest Jewish populations.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *