India will surpass China in population in 2023, UN report says.

The world’s population, estimated to reach 8 billion by November 15 this year, could rise to 8.5 billion in 2030 and 10.4 billion in 2100 as death rates slow, says report released on World Population Day .

India’s population was 1.21 billion in 2011, according to the internal census, which is conducted every ten years. The government has postponed the 2021 census due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

The UN estimates that world population has grown at the slowest pace since 1950, falling below 1% in 2020.

In 2021, the average birth rate of the world population was 2.3 births per woman in a lifetime, up from about 5 births in 1950. By 2050, global fertility is predicted to fall to 2.1 births per woman.

“This is an occasion to celebrate our diversity, recognize our shared humanity and celebrate the advances in health that have increased life expectancy and dramatically reduced maternal and child mortality,” UN Secretary-General António Guterres said in a statement.

However, the population growth has come as a reminder of a shared responsibility to care for the planet and the need to “reflect on where we are still falling short of our obligations to each other,” he said.

Referring to an earlier report by the World Health Organization that between January 2020 and December 2021 about 14.9 million people died from the Covid-19 pandemic, the UN report says that global life expectancy at birth has fallen to 71 years. in 2021 from 72.8 years in 2019. mostly due to the pandemic.

The United Nations has said that more than half of the projected world population growth by 2050 will be concentrated in eight countries – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.

Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to account for more than half of the growth expected through 2050.

However, the population of 61 countries is projected to decline by 1% or more between 2022 and 2050 due to declining birth rates.

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