India’s population was 1.21 billion in 2011, according to the internal census, which is conducted every ten years. The government has postponed the 2021 census due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
The UN estimates that world population has grown at the slowest pace since 1950, falling below 1% in 2020.
In 2021, the average birth rate of the world population was 2.3 births per woman in a lifetime, up from about 5 births in 1950. By 2050, global fertility is predicted to fall to 2.1 births per woman.
“This is an occasion to celebrate our diversity, recognize our shared humanity and celebrate the advances in health that have increased life expectancy and dramatically reduced maternal and child mortality,” UN Secretary-General António Guterres said in a statement.
Referring to an earlier report by the World Health Organization that between January 2020 and December 2021 about 14.9 million people died from the Covid-19 pandemic, the UN report says that global life expectancy at birth has fallen to 71 years. in 2021 from 72.8 years in 2019. mostly due to the pandemic.
Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to account for more than half of the growth expected through 2050.
However, the population of 61 countries is projected to decline by 1% or more between 2022 and 2050 due to declining birth rates.